Dark spots are common skin problem found mainly in young adults. These dark spots are also known as hyperpigmentation. These spots most often show up on parts of the body such as the face, hands, legs, back, thighs and neck.
Causes of dark spots include sun exposure, inflammation, hormonal changes, taking chemical medications, pregnancy, some health problems (for instance, liver disease), and aging.
Dark spots especially those on the face gives a lot of concern to people that have them as it makes them less confident about themselves. Most females resort into covering up these spots with makeups.
However, instead of covering the spots with makeup, use the remedies listed in this article to clean/get rid of those dark spots naturally.
1) LEMON JUICE:
Using lemon juice to clear dark spots is a verified and trusted long practice which has shown unfailing results.
The acidity in lemon acts like a bleaching agent and helps reduce discoloration.
However, lemon is always in its concentrated form and can be harsh on the skin. So, you could add yoghurt, honey, rose water or even ordinary water to the lemon juice to dilute it.
I once applied lemon juice directly to my knees and elbows to lighten the dark part but I experienced severe itchy. I had to quickly wash off with soap and water.
Do not apply any home remedies containing lemon juice around or under your eyes as the skin in those areas is highly sensitive. Also, it’s advisable to use only freshly squeezed lemon juice as the packaged variety contains preservatives which might harm the skin.
2) APPLE CIDER VINEGAR:
Apple cider vinegar contains alpha hydroxy acids. This is the same chemical that is used in chemical peels to remove dead skin cells and facilitate the production of new skin cells, and works as an exfoilant. It also contains malic acid that prevents acne and optimizes the production of sebum, making sure your skin is neither too oily nor too dry.
Dilute the apple cider vinegar with water or honey and use a cotton wool to apply the mixture on the dark spots areas and leave it on for about 15 minutes before washing off with water.
Apple cider vinegar is very strong can cause burn the face when used in concentrated form especially the Braggs product.
Tomatoes is a very good skin toner.
Tomato contains vitamins A, B, and C that boost collagen production, reduce dark spots, fight free radicals, and maintain the elasticity of your skin. It also contains minerals like calcium, potassium, and magnesium and lycopene – a component that moisturize the skin.
Tomatoes are not only good when directly applied on the skin but also do wonders when you have it raw, therefore, it is advisable to add tomatoes to one’s daily diet.
You can also apply tomato juice mixed with a bit of lemon juice on your face and leave it for about 10 minutes and rinse it with cold water. This makes your skin soft, smooth and glowing.
Cucumber has 96% water content and this high water content makes it a great moisturizer for the skin.
Cucumber also contains cucurbitacins and cucumerin that helps in delaying the signs of aging. It also has all the essential antioxidants like vitamins A, B5, C, E, and K that fight all sorts of skin discoloration like dark circles, acne scars, freckles, and dark spots. Additionally, cucumbers are also a source of silica, is important for the synthesis of the collagen that rejuvenates your skin.
Blend the cucumber and then add the aloe vera gel, lemon juice or yoghurt to make a mask.
Apply the mask all over your face and leave it on for half an hour and wash off with water.
You can also slice the cucumber and scrub it directly on your face.
5) ORANGE PEELS:
Orange peel is really good for the skin as it treats blackheads, dead cells, acne, eczema and blemishes. It also brightens your face. You can also add milk or curd to get that extra glow or for removing tan. What you need to do is collect orange peels over a period of time, dry them by laying them out in the sun and grind them into a powder. Then, store in an airtight container.
Mix the powdered orange peel with yogurt, honey or milk together to form a paste.
Apply the paste all over your face and leave it on for 25 minutes and wash off with water.
The lactic and citric acids in the milk and orange peel bleach your dark spots while the honey moisturizes and softens your skin.
Onions are loaded with vitamins A, C, and E and antioxidants that protect the skin from the ultraviolet rays of the sun. These, combined with the sulphur-rich phytochemicals, work together to help to get rid of all dark spots and even out your skin tone.
Blend the onion and strain out the juice. Then, use a cotton wool to apply the onion juice on your dark spots areas and leave it on until it dries completely.
Wash off with water after some minutes. You can decide to blend garlic with the onion and this combination is a strong one that will help you get rid of those dark spots much faster. However, this might leave behind a slightly pungent odour.
7) ALOE VERA:
Aloe vera gel, taken straight from the leaves, is the best to use in getting rid of black spots and any other discoloration.
Use a knife to slice away the outer layers of an aloe vera leaf.
Squeeze the gel onto your fingers and apply it directly to your dark spots.
Leave the gel on for 20 minutes, then wash off with clean water.
You can as well mix the aloe vera gel with sugar and lemon juice. Sugar acts as an exfoliator to scrape away dead skin cells.
a) Vitamin E Oil: The oil can be in bottle or capsule form. Apply a few drops of vitamin E oil directly on the dark spots and rub it into your skin with clean fingers.
For the capsule, just poke a hole in the vitamin E capsule with the help of a needle and squeeze the oil out of the capsule onto your fingers.
Apply it directly to your dark spots and rub it in.
Vitamin E is an antioxidant that targets free radicals that are responsible for aging and discoloration and helps to repair damaged cells. This oil does not need to be mixed with any other ingredients.
b) Sweet Almond Oil: Rub a few drops of almond oil between your fingers and apply it all over your face as you would a lotion. Make sure to apply a little extra on the dark spots and do not wash off.
c) Coconut oil and castor oil:
Combining castor oil and coconut oil work effectively in getting a smooth and dark free skin. Use a cotton ball to apply the oil mixture all over your face and leave it on throughout the day.
If you are pregnant, do not use any castor oil, internally or externally, as it has been found to induce labor and can also cause complications if not used in the correct manner.
Do not apply castor oil on or around pimples or open wounds as well.
Applying pure honey on the skin is one of the best ways to get rid of dark spots and it also improves the quality of your skin by making it smooth and soft. It can also be used by using it to mix other products as being explained in the above points.
Honey helps in maintaining healthy skin and also has hydrating properties. It also facilitates the growth of new and healthy skin cells.
Drinking plenty of water gives a smooth and shining skin. Water helps in cleansing the body by eliminating all the toxins. Drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water per day will be the best and the most natural way of developing a clear, smooth and glowing skin.
Water helps in flushing out all the toxins and waste from your body. Also include fruits and vegetables which are high in water content in your diet. Avoid carbonated and sugary drinks.
Wash your face at least 2 times a day to remove dust and dirt from your face.
NOTE: All these home remedies need to be used regularly and consistently for at least a full month to see the effects.